SO 444 Reviews for Tests
definitions of deviance
positivist theory and constructionist theory, differences between the two perspectives
Positivist theories: strain-anomie, Merton's conformity vs. innovation, status frustration, differential opportunity (including criminal, conflict and retreatist), differential association (frequency, duration, priority, intensity), differential reinforcement, social control, deterrence
Constructionist: labeling (primary and secondary deviance, progression from primary to secondary), phenomenological (ethnography), conflict (primary and secondary culture conflict), power, Marxian
reintegrative shaming, social capital
homicide: when they occur, where (region, rural v. urban) racial patterns, gender patterns, rich vs. poor, death penalty, stranger v acquaintance
patterns of rape: acquaintance v stranger, premeditated nature, reactions of victims, legal reforms, culture of rape, characteristics of child molesters, prison rape, pedophilia in the priesthood
1. 1. Why is family violence more prevalent among people of lower income strata? Discuss the variables that contribute to family violence among people in this income group.
2. 2. Choose and discuss several social factors that seem to increase suicide rates. What are these factors, and why do they seem to increase the rate of suicide?
3. 3. Discuss mental disorders from the perspectives of biological factors, social stress, and the myth of mental disorder.
4. 4. Discuss the arguments for allowing and banning prostitution and pornography.
5. 5. Compare and contrast biological and sociological theories of homosexuality. What does each theory indicate, and how do the explanations differ?
to Topics for multiple choice
extent of family violence
causes of rape, reactions of victims
risk factors for child abuse (physical and sexual), reactions of victims
risk factors for elder abuse
how society has tried to protect women from rape
number of suicides in the U.S. annually, reliability
feelings associated with suicide
religion and suicide, martial status, age, economic conditions, educational status
characteristics of suicide bombers
Durkheim's concept of social integration and social regulation
classification of mental disorders
social and cultural factors
legal issues and mental illness
social stress, labeling and mental illness
teen sex, conservative view of sex education in school
adultery, prevalence and reasons
types of callers to phone sex lines
sexual harassment, legal definition, lawsuits
types of prostitutes, reasons for entering prostitution
reasons for growth of human trafficking
% of men who have ever engaged in homosexual behavior
impact of AIDS
stages of acquiring a gay identity
b explanations of homosexuality
trades, transvestites, cross-dressing, transsexuals
T Test 3
1. Discuss the difference between legal and illegal drugs. why do some drugs that are harmful remain legal while others that are less harmful become illegal?
2. Evaluate some of the strategies used to control alcohol abuse. What are some approaches, and how have they worked?
3. Why do white collar criminals receive lighter sentences compared to street criminals, even though the effects of white collar crime can be greater? Discuss
4, Why is Italian organized crime in America more powerful than that of African and Asian Americans?
5. Discuss reasons for the rapid spread of cyberdeviance. What has led to such a dramatic increase in pornography, cyberstalking and cyberhate? What can be done, if anything, about these forms of deviance?
Topics for multiple choice
categories of drugs and their effects, social factors affecting illegal drug use
debate about legalization of drugs
% of Americans who are alcoholic
cultural differences in alcoholism, regional differences in the US
stages of alcoholism
legal attempts to control drinking
types of white collar deviance
characteristics of white collar criminals
reasons for various white collar deviance
types of official deviance
ritual of wiggle
common patterns in robbery, burglary, auto theft, car jacking, shoplifting
stages of the development of organized crime, characteristics of organized crime
types of cyberdeviance
N Net Nanny
Poverty Law Center
characteristics of hackers